(Legislative decree n°196/2003 – Data Protection Code)
This document contains the following information:
- What are cookies.
- Types of cookies.
- Third party cookies.
- Privacy and Security about Cookies.
- Other threats cookie based.
- Cookies on the website of EMPSON & CO. S.P.A..
1. What are Cookies
Cookies are small text files that websites visited by the user send to the device (usually the browser). They are stored in the corresponding folder of it, while the user is intent to visit a website, and then retransmitted to the same subsequent visits to the sites. They are used with the aim to improve the navigation, (the http protocol is stateless and cannot “remember” that the authenticated user browses the pages), save user preferences, (username, password, etc.), draw the tastes allowing to manage the presence or absence of targeted marketing initiatives or the provision of services related to the activity of the Data Controller such as newsletters, dem, etc. Where were placed restrictions on their use that will certainly have effects on the user state. Blocking or removing them in the browser cache, could cause an incomplete use of the services offered by the web application.
2. Types of cookies
For the purposes of the provision of the Garante of privacy , No. 229 of the ‘ May 8, 2014 , will therefore identify two main categories : “Technical cookies” and “Profiling cookies” .
Technical cookies are used only to “carry out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or as strictly necessary for the provider of an information service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide the service ” ( cfr . sect . 122 , paragraph 1 , of the Code).
They are not used for other purposes and are usually installed by the Data Controller or administrator of the website. They also can be divided into cookies or browsing session, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate for access to restricted areas); analytics cookies, similar to technical cookies where used directly by the site to collect information, in aggregate, the number of users and how they visit the site; functional cookies, that allow the user browsing function of a set of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service rendered to the same. For the installation of these cookies you are not required the prior consent of the user, while it remains subject to the obligation to provide the information pursuant to sect. 13 of the Legislative Decree n. 196/2003, the operator of the site, if you use only such devices may provide in the manner it deems most appropriate.
Profiling cookies are aimed at creating profiles user and are used in order to send advertising messages with the preferences expressed by users during navigation. Given the considerable invasiveness that such devices may be part of the private sphere of the users, the European and Italian legislation requires the user to be properly informed on their usage and express a valid consent.
3. Third party Cookies
There are various types of cookies, some of them are defined Third party cookies. These are used, for example, by the site that first the visitor came first, which contains ads from another server or website of the third part. Operationally, the browser collects information fed from different sources so that all items appear on the same page, creating a cookie in the browser corresponding folder. All cookies can be removed directly from the browser settings, or by special programs (also free). It is also possible to block the creation of them. In the latter case some services of the site may not work as intended and a user may not be able to access or doesn’t a cookie associated with the user preferences, then the information would be displayed in the local form wrong or not be available.
Analytics Cookies allow you to create statistical analysis with the help of Google analytics of the traffic carried by the visitors, which pages are most popular, what browsers your visitors are using to browse the Internet or the size of the screen used.
At these addresses:
- http://www.google.com/analytics/learn/privacy.html (Policy in English);
- and http://www.google.it/analytics/learn/privacy.html (Policy in Italian);
Web beacons: also known as “tracking pixels”, “1×1 gif”, “single-pixel gifs”, “pixel tags” or “action tags” are graphical images, which generally do not exceed the size of 1 x 1 pixel that are used with the aim to collect anonymous information about how users act; They offer also personalized content. Also identify browser types, words entered in the search engines that bring visitors to the site and domain names of the sites that refer traffic to the site. Web beacons may be available in e-mails and let know if a user has received, opened or clicked on a link (or links) provided with the e-mail received.
Flash Cookies or Local Shared Objects (LSOs): websites can use Flash content displayed in their pages, to store some information in the device. As HTTP cookies, local shared objects can be used by websites to gather information on the paths taken by Internet users while navigating web sites. The online banks, or advertisers can use local shared objects for monitoring purposes.
Google AdSense: Google AdSense is a program run by Google Inc. that allows advertisers to serve ads on the “Google Network advertising” on its website earning based on the number of exposures of the advertisement or clicks made on them. It is possible to access to the informative note on Privacy at the address:
|Until end of session
|User tracking through web pages.
|Until page loads.
|Allows to insert custom variables into the Cookie.
|Until end of user session.
|__utmb takes a timestamp of the exact moment in time when a visitor enters a site, while __utmc takes a timestamp of the exact moment in time when a visitor leaves a site. __utmc expires at the end of the session. __utmb waits 30 minutes, and then it expires.
|Keeps track of where the visitor came from, what search engine he used, what link he clicked on, what keyword he used, and where they were in the world when you accessed a website. It expires in 15,768,000 seconds – or, in 6 months. This cookie is how Google Analytics knows to whom and to what source / medium / keyword to assign the credit for a Goal Conversion or an Ecommerce Transaction. __utmz also lets a user edit its length with a simple customization to the Google Analytics Tracking code.
4. Privacy and security about Cookies
Cookies are not viruses, are just text files that are neither interpreted by the browser or neither ran in memory. Consequently, they cannot replicate, spread in other networks and never be replicated again. Since they cannot perform these functions, they do not fall within the definition of standard virus. Cookies, however, can be used for malicious purposes. Being stored information about preferences, the history of a user’s actions, the specific navigation between sites, cookies can be used to act as a form of spy. Many anti-spyware products are well aware of this problem and report cookies as potential threats.
Regarding Flash Cookies, Adobe does not directly provide a tool to customize the Flash Player settings related to the management of cookies. To access these settings is necessary to access any web page with a flash content, click with the right mouse button, choose Global Settings, then click on the link “Global Privacy Settings Panel”. Alternatively, you can go directly to the page:
It’s important to remember that if you delete Flash Cookies, or if you turn completely off the storage, some websites may no longer operate as expected. Flash Cookies may be used, for example, to force a new creation of a traditional HTTP cookie.
- Internet Explorer: http://windows.microsoft.com/it-it/windows7/block-enable-or-allow-cookies;
- Google Chrome: https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/95647?hl=it-IT&p=cpn_cookies;
- Mozilla Firefox: https://support.mozilla.org/it/kb/Attivare%20e%20disattivare%20i%20cookie;
- Apple Safari: https://www.apple.com/legal/privacy/it/cookies/.
5. Other threats Cookie based
6. Cookies on the website of EMPSON & CO. S.P.A.
The ethical policy is to include clear descriptions of how cookies are distributed on the website. Most browsers have implemented the functionality itself of privacy setting that provides different levels of acceptance of cookies, maturity and elimination after a user has visited a particular site. Since the protection of identity is very much appreciated by internet users and is a right, the user have to be aware of the threats that Cookies can present.
Therefore in Table 1 there’s a list of cookies that Empson & CO. S.p.A.’s website, can store on your computer to provide products and deliver services:
Last document update : 1 may 2015